Models of Citroën: 1919
The type A, Citroën's first production car, appears in June. It is the first mass-produced car to be built in Europe and also the first low-cost car to be sold fully equipped : electric starter and lighting, bonnet, spare wheel and tyre, etc. It is the first French car with a left-hand drive. It is also the first car to be aimed specifically at the general public, designed to be driven by everybody. The launch price of FF 7,950 is exceptionally low by the standards of the time.
The type A is powered by an extremely economical 1,327 cc, 4-cylinder engine consuming just 7.5-litres of petrol per 100 km. Developing 18 bhp at 2,100 rpm, it is equipped with a 3-speed gearbox and is rated 8 bhp. It can reach a top speed of 65 km/h in stages. The type A is available as a 3-door, 3 or 4 seater open tourer, a 3-door, 3 or 4 seater limousine and a town coupé.
Between may 1919 and december 1921, the type A is produced in 24,093 examples (all types). At the end of the year, the first cmmercial vehicle appears : a flatbed truck with a 300 kg payload built on the Type A chassis.
Models of Citroën: 1921
In June, the B2 replaces the Type A. Like its predecessor, it is sold fully equipped. The B2 offers a more powerful engine of 1,452 cm 3 developing 20 bhp at 2,100 rpm. Rated 9 bhp, it is fitted with a 3-speed gearbox, travels at 72 km/h and consumes 8 litres/100 km. Thanks to its robust design and economy, the B2 quickly becomes a success. Between May 1921 and July 1926, 89,841 examples are built.
The Type A Sport, a de luxe open tourer produced in small series, makes its first appearance in April 1920. The elegant, low-slung 4-seat tourer is fitted with a 1,452 cm 3 engine with light alloy pistons, developing 22 bhp at 2,100 rpm and a 3-speed gearbox. Rated 9 bhp, it travels at 75 km/h and consumes 8.5 litres/100 km.
Between April 1920 and December 1921, 671 examples of the Type A Sport are built. The half-tracks, developed from the standard production cars Type A and B2, are equipped with Citroën-Kégresse-Hinstin drive units. They are fitted with 1,452 cm 3 engines developing 20 bhp at 2,100 rpm, 3-speed gearboxes and twin rear drive tracks. Three different models are available: "snow", a highly successful model, "cross-country" and "long-distance". A total 1,134 examples are built, powered by the B2 engine. The first vehicles to cross the Sahara, the half tracks are also used in the Croisière Noire.
Models of Citroën: 1922
October sees the arrival of the Caddy: the first sports car developed from a standard production model. A lighter, more powerful version of the B2, the Caddy is powered by a 1,452 cm 3 engine with light alloy pistons, developing 22 bhp at 2,100 rpm. Rated 9 bhp, it achieves a speed of 90 km/h thanks to its increased power and redesigned bodywork. Some 226 Caddies are built between July 1922 and October 1925.
Citroën also builds two light utility vehicles based on the chassis and mechanical components of the B2: the Boulangère (fixed top) and the Normande (open top). Both are equipped with a rear compartment 1.40 m long and 1.20 m high, as well as a rear door running the width of the compartment. A total 10,856 examples are built between November 1922 and December 1925.
The 5CV Type C is presented at the Paris Motor Show. The model is painted yellow, hence its nickname of "petite citron". Its 856 cm 3 engine develops 11 bhp at 2,100 rpm. The 5CV has a fiscal rating of 5 bhp and a 3-speed gearbox. It travels at 60 km/h and consumes 5 litres/100 km. This highly economical vehicle marks the beginning of the "democratization" of the motor car. It is so easy to drive and look after that it becomes the first "ladies' car". No fewer than 80,759 examples are built between March 1922 and December 1926.
Models of Citroën: 1923
André Citroën begins to manufacture toy cars, faithful miniatures of "the one Daddy drives".
Premier modèle : le Torpédo B2 10 HP. The first model is of the 10 HP B2 open tourer. Between 1923 and 1933, 2,033,369 models are sold.
Models of Citroën: 1924
In October Citroën presents the B10. The new car has the same basic chassis and mechanical components as the B2 but its body is all-steel, replacing the conventional mixed wood-and-steel construction.
The B10's body is made of cold-pressed panels welded together and offering far higher resist-ance to impact. The saloon ends the supremacy of the open tourer, which had accounted for 80% of production since 1919.
All the new Citroëns arriving after the B10 have all-metal bodies.
The B10 is equipped with a 1,452 cm 3 engine developing 20 bhp at 2,100 rpm. Rated 9 bhp, the caris fitted with a 3-speed gearbox, travels at 70 km/h and consumes 8 litres/100 km. Between October 1924 and December 1925, 17,259 B10s are built.
The marque also launches the 5CV "Citroënette" pedal-car for children.
Models of Citroën: 1925
October sees the arrival of the all-steel B12, a car with a 1,452 cm 3 engine developing 20 bhp at 2,100 rpm. Rated 9 bhp, the car is equipped with a 3-speed gearbox. It travels at 75 km/h and consumes 8.5 litres/100 km.
The B12 offers a major innovation: four-wheel brakes.
The first dual-purpose vehicle, the B12 Commercial is an open tourer with a 1,000 kg payload, four doors and a rear hatch.
From October 1925 to January 1927, 38,381 B12s are built (including Commercials).
In October, the 5CV gains a third central seat at the back to become the "Trèfle", or cloverleaf. Equipped with an 856 cm 3 engine developing 11 bhp at 2,100 rpm, the car has a fiscal rating of 5 bhp and a 3-speed gearbox. It travels at 60 km/h and consumes 7 litres/100 km.
Models of Citroën: 1926
The B14 is launched at the Paris Motor Show in October, with a 1,539 cm 3 engine developing 22 bhp at 2,300 rpm. Rated 9 bhp, the B14 is equipped with a 3-speed gearbox. It travels at 80 km/h and consumes 8.5 litres/100 km.
A mass-market car with luxury equipment (such as a modern, fully completely equipped dashboard with indirect lighting), the B14 becomes known as "The Indefatigable" and proves to be one of the great motoring success stories of the years between the wars. It is available as a saloon, an open commercial tourer, a 2-seat or 4-seat convertible, a 2-door, 4-seat "coach", a six-window limousine and a 7-seat family vehicle.
September sees the arrival of the B15. The first French utility vehicle with a closed cabin, the B15 is based on B14 mechanical components and offers a payload of 1,000 kg. Between September 1926 and August 1928, 12,566 examples are made.
Of the 600,000 vehicles on French roads, 175,000 are Citroëns.
Models of Citroën: 1927
In March, the B14 is replaced by the B14F, a vehicle with a more robust engine and four-wheel brakes with vacuum servo assistance. From September 1926 to December 1927, 60,526 examples of the B14 and B14F are made.
At the Paris Motor Show, the B14G replaces the B14F. It is equipped with a 1,539 cm 3 engine developing 22 bhp at 2,300 rpm and a 3-speed gearbox. Rated 9 bhp, the B14G achieves 80 km/h and consumes 8.5 litres/100 km. It is built as an open tourer, saloon, hard-top and convertible. From September 1927 to October 1928, some 59,391 B14Gs are produced.
December sees the arrival of the B18, a special version of the B14G with a wider track. From December 1927 to August 1928, 5,707 B18s are built.
The B14 taxi replaces the taxi versions of the A and the B2. It is equipped with a 1,539 cm 3 engine developing 22 bhp at 2,300 rpm and a 3-speed gearbox. Rated 9 bhp, the vehicle achieves speeds of 80 km/h and consumes 8.5 litres/100 km. Three types of body are available: limousine, saloon and convertible. Most are painted yellow and black. A total 4,659 are produced.
Models of Citroën: 1928
The B14G Caddy, a 3-seat open sports tourer, has the same basic chassis and mechanical components as the standard B14, while offering improved performance.
The Paris Motor Show unveils the C4, the future replacement for the B14G. The chassis and engine are new, and more robust than before. The car has a 1,628 cm 3 engine developing 30 bhp at 3,000 rpm and a 3-speed gearbox. Rated 10 bhp, it travels at 90 km/h and consumes 8.8 litres/100 km. The C4 is available as an open tourer, 4-seat saloon, 6-window limousine, 6-seat family vehicle, 2-seat and 4-seat hard-top. A total 139,835 examples are produced between September 1928 and December 1930.
The Paris Motor Show also presents the C6, the marque's first production model to be equipped with a 6-cylinder engine. With a capacity of 2,442 cm 3 , the engine develops 45 bhp at 3,000 rpm. Rated 14 bhp, the C6 is fitted with a 3-speed gearbox, achieves a maximum speed of 105 km/h and consumes 14 litres/100 km. Its design is basically that of an American car with French styling. Built as a saloon or a 4-seat hard-top, 11,521 examples of the C6 were produced to December 1929.
January sees the launch of the C16, a light truck based on the C6F. Powered by the C6 engine, the vehicle offers a 4-speed gearbox and payload of 1,800 kg. Between January and August 1928, 1,246 examples are built.
Models of Citroën: 1929
April sees the arrival of the C6E, 7 cm longer than the original C6 and proportionately wider. Bumpers and "Securit" safety glass are fitted as standard. The 2,442 cm 3 engine develops 42 bhp at 3,000 rpm. Rated 14 bhp, the C6E has a 3-speed gearbox, travels at 105 km/h and consumes 14 litres/100 km. By December 1929, 5,090 examples have been produced.
In September, Citroën launches the C6F, a vehicle that is even wider, more spacious, better equipped and with an improved finish. It is equipped with a 2,442 cm 3 engine developing 45 bhp at 3,000 rpm. Rated 14 bhp, it travels at 105 km/h and consumes 14 litres/100 km. A total 37,119 examples are produced between September 1929 and July 1931.
The first French high-speed truck - the C61 - is also launched in 1929. Equipped with the 6-cylinder engine from the C6F developing 42 bhp, it offers a payload of 1,800 kg, a total laden weight of 3,800 kg and a completely enclosed all-steel cab. .