Models of Citroën: 1930
The C4 utility vehicle is launched: 500 kg payload, a 1,628 cm 3 engine developing 30 bhp at 3,000 rpm and 9 bhp rating. It has a maximum speed of 90 km/h and consumes 8.8 litres/100 km. Based on the C4 family vehicle, the utility model is equipped with removable back seats and a two-section rear door.
At the Paris Motor Show the C4F replaces the C4. The bodywork is the same, but shorter by 7 cm. The 1,628 cm 3 engine - mounted on four rubber blocks - develops 30 bhp at 3,000 rpm and has a 9 bhp rating. The carburettor, clutch and 3-speed gearbox are new. The C4F travels at 90 km/h and consumes 9 litres/100 km. Saloon and family versions are built on a wider chassis. Between September 1930 and July 1931, some 47,576 examples are built.
The payload of the C61 truck is increased to 2,000 kg and the total weight to 4,000 kg.
Models of Citroën: 1931
Models In February, Citroën presents the C6 CGL, a true luxury model which wins a number of competitions for its sheer elegance. The mechanical specifications are as distinguished as the bodywork: high-efficiency 2,650 cm 3 , 6-cylinder in-line engine developing 50 bhp at 3,200 rpm, a rating of 15 bhp and a 3-speed gearbox. The C6 CGL travels at 103 km/h and consumes 14 litres/ 100 km.
The C4F taxi, built on the wider C4F chassis of 1930, replaces the B14. It is equipped with a 1,628 cm 3 engine developing 30 bhp at 3,000 rpm. Rated 9 bhp, it has a 3-speed gearbox, travels at 90 km/h and consumes 9 litres/ 100 km. The car offers 4-seat saloon styling.
At the Paris Motor Show, the C4F is replaced by the C4G, which offers a better finish. The engine now has a capacity of 1,767 cm 3 and develops 32 bhp at 2,700 rpm. Equipped with a 3-speed gearbox, it has a rating of 10 bhp and travels at 95 km/h. A total 55,788 examples are made between September 1931 and October 1933.
The Motor Show also announces the advent of the C6G: 2,650 cm 3 engine developing 50 bhp at 2,700 rpm, 15 bhp rating, 3-speed gearbox and maximum speed of 110 km/h. Between September 1931 and October 1933, 17,694 C6Gs are built in saloon and family versions.
Models of Citroën: 1932
April sees the arrival of the C4G and C6G, the first vehicles with soft engine mountings to eliminate vibration. This development is symbolized by a swan flying between the double chevrons of the Citroën badge.
The Paris Motor Show unveils an elegant 8 bhp vehicle with a "single-piece" body that is even stronger than the all-steel model. Able to support the weight of a bus and its 22 passengers, the model is set to go down in history under the name "Rosalie". It has a floating power engine of 1,452 cm 3 developing 32 bhp at 3,200 rpm, an 8 bhp rating and 3-speed gearbox with synchromesh on second and third gears. The car travels at 90 km/h and consumes 9 litres/100 km. Available as an open tourer, saloon, and 2 or 4-seat convertible or hard-top, Rosalie is built in 38,835 examples between October 1932 and January 1935.
The 10 replaces the C4. The more robust engine, which is equipped with side valves, has a capacity of 1,767 cm 3 and develops 36 bhp at 3,200 rpm. Rated 10 bhp, it has a 3-speed gearbox, travels at 100 km/h and consumes 9 litres/100 km. The Citroën 10 is built as a saloon, convertible or hard-top, with 2 or 4 seats and a dickey seat or boot, or as a hard-top or convertible "coach". Between October 1932 and January 1935, 49,249 examples are produced.
The C6G is replaced by the 15, a car with similar specifications to the 8 and the 10, fitted with a 6-cylinder 2,650 cm 3 "floating power" engine, developing 56 bhp at 3,200 rpm. Rated 15 bhp, it travels at 100 km/h and consumes 14 litres/100 km. The Citroën 15 is built as a saloon, open tourer, family vehicle or town coupe convertible. A large number of coach or cabriolet bodywork conversions are available. Between October 1932 and January 1935, 7,228 examples of the 15 are produced.
November sees the appearance of the 10L, an 8 body powered by the 1,767 cm 3 engine of the 10. The 15L is launched at the same time, a car combining the 8 body with the 6-cylinder 15 engine.
Models of Citroën: 1933
March sees the appearance of the 15 GL, a better equipped version of the 15, available in saloon and family versions.
March also sees a new speed record. The 8 bhp "Petite Rosalie" - equipped with a special body - beats the world distance record at the Montlhéry autodrome, covering 300,000 kilometres at an average speed of 93 km/h.
In September, the Type 29 and 45 trucks replace the C6.1: normal, long or low chassis. The 29 offers a 2,650 cm 3 6-cylinder engine developing 53 bhp, a payload of 2,900 kg and a total weight of 4,900 kg. It is also built in bus form.
The design of the Type 45 engine is original rather than being based on a car power unit. A 6-cylinder 4,580 cm 3 model developing 73 bhp, it has a payload of 4,500 kg, and a total laden weight of 7,600 kg.
In the first six months of the year, almost 40% of the utility vehicles registered in France are Citroëns.
Models of Citroën: 1934
The 8, 10 and 15 models of the Rosalie series are modernized, gaining a more aerodynamic bodywork under the designation NH (Nouvel Habillage or new trim).
The 7A is launched in April. It is the first in a line of Traction Avant models that will remain in production until 1957.
It astonishes the automotive world with its daring specification: aerodynamic bodywork, single-piece steel body with no running-board, all-independent suspension with torsion bars at front and rear, front wheels powered as well as steered for remarkable roadholding, and hydraulic brakes.
The floating-power, 4-cylinder overhead-valve engine, equipped with rockers and wet cylinder liners, has a capacity of 1,303 cm 3 and develops 32 bhp at 3,200 rpm. Rated 7bhp, it has a 3-speed gearbox, travels at 95 km/h and consumes 9 litres/100 km.
May sees the arrival of the 7S, the high-performance version of the 7, boasting a floating-power 1,911 cm 3 engine. The 7B is launched in June with a 1,529 cm 3 engine. In August, the 7C takes over from the 7B. Between April 1934 and June 1941, some 88,066 examples of the 7 are built. Total production of the Traction Avant series amounts to 759,123 examples between April 1934 and July 1957.
The Paris Motor Show unveils the 22 CV, a vehicle with a V8 3,822 cm 3 engine developing 100 bhp. Equipped with a 3-speed gearbox, it travels at 140 km/h and consumes 16 litres/100 km.
Heralded as the fastest and safest production car in the world, it actually remained a prototype.
Another new model seen at the Show is the 11: basically the same body as the 7 but 14 cm wider and 40 cm longer. The 11 is built in six versions, and production runs to 620, 455 examples between September 1934 and July 1954.
In the field of utility vehicles, the Type 32 replaces the 29. The bodywork is identical on the 32 but it has a floating-power overhead-valve 4-cylinder 3,053 cm 3 engine developing 56 bhp. The payload is 3,200 kg and the total laden weight 5,200 kg.
In January, a Type 45S takes part in the Monte Carlo rally with all 29 passenger seats occupied. The 45B replaces the 45S.
Models of Citroën: 1935
The range is stabilized after the economic catastrophes of 1934.
The Type 23 van is launched in September. Rated 11 bhp, it is fitted with the 4-cylinder 1,911 cm 3 engine of the Traction Avant developing 42 bhp. The payload is 1,500 kg and the total laden weight 3,500 kg.
Coachbuilders outside the company design the Type 32B bus, which remains in production until 1948.
Models of Citroën: 1936
In May, all the Traction Avant models are equipped with more precise rack-and-pinion steering.
Citroën comes up with the idea of a low-priced car with a very small engine, the future 2 CV. The design brief reads as follows: "Four wheels under an umbrella, a safe and economical vehicle, capable of accommodating four people and 50 kg of luggage in comfort".
At the Paris Motor Show, Citroën presents its first diesel-powered light utility vehicles: the 500DI (500 kg diesel), the 850DI (850 kg diesel) and the 23DI (1,500 kg diesel). The vehicles have a 7 bhp rating and are equipped with a high-turbulence, indirect-injection (1,767 cm 3 ) engine with 4 cylinders developing 40 bhp at 3,650 rpm.
Models of Citroën: 1937
In February, the 11 is renamed the 11B, and the 11 Légère the 11BL.
At the Paris Motor Show, the 11CV van is premiered with a view to its launch in 1938.
The show also launches diesel versions of the Type 32 truck (4-cylinder engine, 3,053 cm3, 55 bhp) and the Type 45 (6-cylinder engine, 4,580 cm3, 76 bhp). The 6-cylinder engine is used in the company's heavy vehicle range until 1971.
Models of Citroën: 1938
The Paris Motor Show previews the 15-Six, a Traction Avant with a 6-cylinder engine. Its 2,867 cm3 engine develops 77 bhp at 3,800 rpm. Rated 16 bhp, the vehicle is equipped with a 3-speed gearbox and consumes 13 litres/100 km. Spacious, comfortable, fast (135 km/h) and easy to drive, the remarkable roadholding properties of the 15 earn it the name of "Queen of the Road".
Built as a saloon and family vehicle, the 15-Six is produced in 50,602 examples between September 1939 and July 1956. Of this total, just 2,000 are pre-war. The Traction Avant is the most popular production car of its time.
Models of Citroën: 1939
February sees the arrival of the 7C Eco, a vehicle consuming 10% less fuel than the 7C.
The planned launch of the 2CV is prevented by the outbreak of war. By May, 250 prototypes are ready for a Motor Show that never takes place. To maintain secrecy, all but one are destroyed.
The ultra-modern TUB (Transport Utilitaire series B) is launched in April. A front-wheel drive vehicle, it has a forward control layout, sliding side door for loading, flat load platform and a payload of 850 kg. The engine is taken from the Traction 7C (TUB), or the 11 (TUC). The TUB is the precursor of the Type H, launched after the war.