Models of Citroën: 1950
At the Paris Motor Show, the 2CV van is premiered prior to the start of production in March 1951. It offers a 250 kg payload and a 375 cm 3 engine developing 9 bhp SAE at 3,500 rpm. The van travels at 60 km/h and consumes 5 litres/100 km.
Between February 1951 and March 1978, 1,246,306 examples are made. Demand is so great that there is a six-year waiting list for delivery.
Models of Citroën: 1951
Citroën launches the 2 CV van : 2 CV AU, 2 CV AK and 2 CV AZU.
Studies begin on the project VGD (from the French acronym for mass market vehicle) that will pave the way for the DS.
Models of Citroën: 1952
In June, all Traction models gain a rear boot extension that doubles the luggage space.
Models of Citroën: 1953
The Type 55 commercial vehicle replaces the Type 45. Offering a petrol or diesel engine and with a total laden weight of 9,300 kg, the Type 55 develops 76 bhp and offers a payload of 5,000 kg.
There is also a 55 UADI bus with a 6-cylinder diesel engine and a rounded rear design. Big enough to seat 29 people, the bus is built from 1953 to 1958.
Models of Citroën: 1954
In May, the 15-Six gains a constant-height hydropneumatic rear suspension - a technical breakthrough pioneered by Citroën's design and development department. The hydropneumatic system combines a gas and a liquid to achieve unequalled standards of comfort and roadholding.
At the Paris Motor Show, the 2 CV gains a 425 cm 3 engine developing 12 bhp at 3,500 rpm, and a centrifugal clutch.
Models of Citroën: 1955
The DS 19 Traction Avant is launched at the Paris Motor Show. Rated 11 bhp, it has a 1,911 cm 3 engine developing 70.5 bhp at 4,500 rpm and a 4-speed gearbox. It travels at 140 km/h and consumes 10 litres/100 km. It has an integrated body with removable panels and a completely smooth nose with no front grille. The DS 19 is the talk of the town, a car that heralds a new era in the history of the motor car. The new vehicle is revolutionary not only for its aerodynamic silhouette but also for its innovative technical features such as the hydropneumatic suspension with automatic height adjustment.
The car is a hit: 749 orders are taken in 45 minutes and 12,000 are on the books by the end of the day. The DS continues to be built for almost 20 years. A total 1,456,115 examples are built between October 1955 and April 1975.
All the major systems - gear, clutch, steering, brakes - are power-driven and the car also has two independent brak-ing circuits and an automatic proportioning device to adjust brake power to vehicle load. A world first on a production car, the brakes are equipped with discs at the front.
Models of Citroën: 1956
The first 4-wheel drive Citroën truck - the 46 CDU - goes on sale, equipped with a 5,181 cm 3 6-cylinder diesel engine developing 95 bhp. It has a payload of 5,000 kg and a total laden weight of 9,300 kg.
At the end of the year, the Type 46 DP UADI is launched. The bodywork is identical to the Type 55. It has a diesel engine, with the cylinders bored out from 94 to 100 mm, and a 5-speed gearbox.
Models of Citroën: 1957
The ID19 goes on sale on May, following its premiere (bonnet sealed) at the 1956 Paris Motor Show. It is available in two versions: Standard (63 bhp SAE at 4,000 rpm, 130 km/h) and Luxury (66 bhp SAE at 4,500 rpm, 135 km/h).
Between March 1957 and September 1969, 491,434 examples are built. Following the launch of the ID 19, the Traction is withdrawn from production in July after a brilliant 23-year career without any major modifications. A total 759,123 examples have been built.
At the Paris Motor Show, the 2CV gains a cover on the boot.
Models of Citroën: 1958
The DS 19 Prestige is launched at the same time. Aimed at businessmen, it has a glass partition between the front and back seats.
March sees the launch of the 2CV Sahara, a four-wheel drive vehicle with two 425 cm 3 engines developing total output of 24 bhp SAE at 3,500 rpm and rated 5 bhp. The amazing off-road capabilities of the 2CV 4 x 4 are especially appreciated by oil exploration and mining teams in desert areas. The car is capable of climbing a sandy 40% slope fully laden. The Sahara finally goes into production in December 1960, and 694 examples are produced in the following six years.
Models of Citroën: 1959
The cab of the Type 47 DIP bus is moved forward to increase interior space. A total 36 passengers can be seated, compared with 29 on the previous version. The model remains in production until 1963.